How to build a Pc
Building a Pc from start to finish gives you the perfect machine for your requirements, but it can be quite scary the first time. 2D’s have been building and upgrading Pc’s for many years so here is our complete guide in 4 simple steps, from selecting the parts, to actually fitting it all together and installing your Operating System (OS).
Step 1: Hardware Basics
The Parts That Make Up a Pc (and What They Do)
All Pc’s consist of the same basic components, and in this step, we will walk you through the basic hardware you will require for your Pc build. We are still just talking about the “things to consider” here—we’ll get down to the nitty-gritty of picking out specific parts in the next lesson. Here, we just want to point out what the important components are, and which ones are the most important for certain builds.
The Processor (CPU) is the “brains” of your Pc, the component that carries out the tasks you ask. Better CPU’s can perform more tasks at once, and perform them faster.
The motherboard connects all the other components together, and is the physical base upon which you build on. It contains a lot of your machine’s core features, like the number of USB ports, the number of expansion cards you can put in (such as video, sound, and Wi-Fi), and also partially determines how big your computer will be. Which motherboard you decide on will determine whether your build will be a low, medium, or high performance Pc.
The Pc Case
The case houses all of your Pc parts. For the most part, the case determines how quiet the Pc is, the size, and of course, how it. Still, it’s an important consideration that is dependent on your other choices, so you might want to think about what you want in terms of a case before proceeding.
RAM, or Random Access Memory (or “Memory” for short), is probably best described as your Pc’s short-term memory. Storing data your Pc needs quick access to, in order for your programs to run faster, and allows you to run more programs at once. Thus, if you run a lot of programs at once, you’ll want a Pc with more RAM.
The Graphics Card
The Graphics card, or GPU as most commonly referred to, is a processor specifically designed to handle graphics. Most motherboards come with an integrated GPU, which is enough to manage your desktop and basic tasks, However not enough for playing for example 3D games. For these you will require a dedicated graphics card.
The Hard Drive(s)
The hard drive (HDD) not to be confused with memory (RAM), stores all of your data, ranging from your operating system to your documents, music, and movies. If the RAM is your Pc short-term memory, the hard drive is the long-term memory. The kind of hard drive you choose will be determined by how much storage you need.
The Optical Drive
An optical drive, or more commonly known as a CD or DVD drive, is what you will use to read CDs, DVDs, and even Blu-Ray discs. Not everyone requires an optical drive, but that being said drives are fairly cheap these days.
The Power Supply Unit
The power supply unit (PSU) directs electricity to the components in your Pc. If you have a high performance Pc with a fast processor, a graphics card, and a few hard drives, you will require a higher wattage power supply unit.
Other Parts to Consider
Whilst these are the main parts every Pc requires, you may have other requires. For example, if you are going to use Wi-Fi to access the internet instead of wired Ethernet, you may need to buy a Wi-Fi card. If you take a lot of photos, it’s probably worth getting an internal SD card reader for easily loading your photos onto your Pc. If you have any Bluetooth peripherals, you might consider an internal Bluetooth card, and if you video chat with friends, you will need a webcam. And lots not forget you will need a monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
Step 2: Choose and Buy Your Parts
PLEASE NOTE – Whilst every care as been taken in the writing of this How to build a Pc guide the images are purely for example purposes and are not a guide as to what to buy, Many of these parts will not be compatible.